By Deborah Williams
Adding to the confusion and anxiety of applying to college is the entrance exam. A recent post on the Edweek College Bound blog reports, “Some students are opting for the SAT over the ACT because they mistakenly believe that the College Board’s exam is favored by colleges.”
A survey of Kaplan SAT students found that one-third thought that colleges accepted the College Board’s SAT exam results more than the American College Test (ACT). Both tests help colleges to determine an applicant’s readiness for college, but the SAT is more popular in the eastern United States while the ACT is more popular in the western and southern parts of the country.
That probably explains the primary reason for the regional disparity in America: peer influence. The survey shows that 24 percent of SAT test-prep participants admitted to taking that exam because their friends were taking it. Paul Weeks, vice president of client relations for ACT, Inc. confirms this in an email: “Test-taking patterns and behaviors are regional and can be impacted by different influencers ranging from peers to parents. There are still many myths and misrepresentations out there, but we’re glad to see them diminishing.”
The tide is changing because the ACT has surpassed the SAT in recent years and “is now the most popular college-entrance exam.” The myth has been dispelled: “…all four-year U.S. colleges equally accept results of an ACT or SAT exam for consideration in the admissions process.”
By Deborah Williams
Kate Solomon’s post, “My Child’s Homework—Do I Help or Not,” on the Huffington Post’s Education blog tackles the problem that many responsible parents wrestle with regularly: How much homework help should I give my child? Parents want to support their children, but they want their children to become independent learners.
Solomon submits that parents can take one of several approaches to this issue:
- Method 1 – Parents act as supervisor. That is, they are nearby as the child does homework and offer guidance about the best way to get assignments done. “The key here is to stay close—then check the work together when the child is completely done.”
- Method 2 – This method is one in which a parent establishes “a consistent time and work place for homework, reviews the assignment with the child, and then leaves her alone to complete the work.” These parents expect that the teacher will deal with incorrect work.
- Method 3 – This method is based on the notion that homework is a necessary evil and that children must get it out of the way of other activities such as playing, sleeping, and after-school activities.
So, which approach is best. Solomon admits that she switches among the three methods at various times, but she asserts that there are advantages to having homework beginning as a younger learner:
- It helps to establish a commitment and routine.
- It helps them to be more engaged in learning.
- It helps parents to be more engaged in their education.
Ultimately, Solomon decided that it is best to use Method 1 when her children are in the early grades and to move to Method 2 as they get older.
By Deborah Williams
The use of drones is being decided. They are being used and/or considered for everything from package delivery to wedding photography. Who knows how it will evolve? Extreme Marketing Officer for Extreme Works, Vala Afshar, reports on the Huffington Post that drones have several uses in higher education. In his article, he highlights ten uses for drones in higher education:
- Enable student projects exploring the intersection between art and technology and research, such as gathering data from sacred forests in Ethiopia, mapping lava flows in Ecuador, and surveying the forest canopy in Costa Rica.
- Loan drones to students for checkout and experimentation.
- Drones are used to capture unique footage of sporting events.
- Create promotional flybys of key campus buildings and features and virtual holiday greeting videos.
- Record footage of unique campus events, such as picnics or move-in weekend.
- Take unique photographs from hard to reach places.
- Facilitate inspections of buildings and monitor construction projects.
- Enhance field projects, such as studying wildlife from a distance, and detailed 3D archaeological mapping
- Monitor agricultural and environmental conditions
- Teach a course on designing and building drones
All current uses of drones on college campuses are novel, but three of them have direct educational impact. The ability to gather data from great distances for student projects offers a tremendous educational value, and being able to check drones out through the institution is a pragmatic way to provide access to students. Using drones to enhance field projects is a cost-saving measure that can only enrich the educational experience for students. Certainly, courses on designing and building drones let students get involved in the evolution of this technology.
See this Fox News report about the use of drones at the University of South Florida:
By Deborah Williams
Students and their parents often focus on choosing the college, but the results of The American Community Survey suggests that it’s more important to focus on the major. Libby Nelson’s article, “13 Charts That Explain Why Your College Major Matters,” on the Vox website provides insights about this important decision. Here are the best and worst majors in several categories:
Making the Most Money at the Start
- Petroleum Engineering – $102,300
- Chemical Engineering – $69,600
- Computer Engineering – $67,300
- Biomedical Engineering – $59,600
- Electrical Engineering Tech – $58,900
- Physics – $57,200
Making the Most Money at Mid-Career
- Petroleum Engineering – $176,300
- Actuarial Engineering – $119,600
- Nuclear Engineering – $118,800
- Business & IT – $99,100
- Economics – $97,700
- Industrial Engineering – $97,200
Low-Paying Majors at Mid-Career
- Photography – $54,300
- Studio Art – $54,000
- Exercise Science – $53,400
- Child & Family Studies – $38,600
- Early Childhood Education – $38,900
- Child Development – $36,400
Unemployment Rates by Major
- Health Care – 2.2%
- Education – 5%
- STEM – 5%
- Business – 6.6%
- Non-STEM – 7.1%
- Humanities – 9%
- Social Sciences – 9.6%
By Deborah Williams
It’s common knowledge that regular physical activity is part of a healthy lifestyle, but there is another reason for parents to make sure that their children have physical activity: “Just two hours of extra physical activity each week can improve school performance.”
This finding is the outcome of a study described on the Science Daily website. Swedish scientists Lina Bunketorp Käll, Michael Nilsson and Thomas Linden, at the Centre for Brain Repair and Rehabilitation at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg studied approximately 400 12-year-olds—some who received two extra hours each week of physical activity under the direction of a local sports club. This extra activity is about twice the physical activity given through school. The researchers compared these students’ achievement of the national learning goals four years before and five years after this extra activity. Additionally, their data was compared with three control groups in three schools. Those students did not receive extra physical activity.
Scientist and neurologist Thomas Linden at the Sahlgrenska Academy explains, “You can express it that two hours of extra physical education each week doubled the odds that a pupil achieves the national learning goals. We did not see a corresponding improvement in the control schools, where the pupils did not receive extra physical activity — rather the contrary, a deterioration.” Most of the students who received the extra physical activity did meet the national goals in Swedish, English, and mathematics.
This study suggests that more physical activity may improve your child’s performance in school.
By Deborah Williams
A number of education models are being explored to meet the needs of America’s diverse student population. One of those concepts is the democratic school like the Fairhaven School in Maryland. A recent blog post on the KQED public broadcasting website explains the features of democratic schools.
The school’s philosophy is “to strike that balance between freedom and responsibility.” Students must buy into rules, community responsibilities, and related meetings, but they have a lot of freedom to decide how their day progresses. The diverse population share a learning space with the following at their disposal: “a large meeting hall, a workshop, two kitchens, several smaller meeting rooms, a library, and rooms dedicated to art, computer gaming, digital arts, and play. The grounds include a stream, a forest, playing fields, a basketball court, a playground, and lots of porches.”
The five staff members—two former schoolteachers, an artist, a former nature center interpreter, and a movie sound engineer–support students as they become more self-directed in their learning. “The entire school community—staff and students alike—votes each year to decide whether or not to extend each staffer’s contract.” They are facilitators as the 60 students practice life skills.
Students are “in charge of what and how they learn” about skills that will help them in life. They have no tests or grades and no assigned homework. They have freedom of movement and “the ability to devote themselves to projects for as long as they want.” Students often choose to “shift their main focus to academics after they leave Fairhaven, or during the hours they’re not in school.” Ultimately, students graduate when the defend a thesis that they write that explains how they have “prepared themselves to become effective adults in the larger community.”
View this clip about this school here:
By Deborah Williams
A recent radio broadcast on NPR’s Science Friday program centered on techniques to improve memory. The guests shared their expertise on the brain:
- Distraction helps when you try to solve a problem or remember material. When you are focused, you can’t think of the answer, but when you relax, the answer comes to you. Professor Barbara Oakley, Ph. D., author of A Mind for Numbers, explains that when we try to solve a problem, our brains go into a focused mode that “actually blocks the neural networks that we might need to actually answer that problem.” She further explains that our brains have two states: a focused neural state and a resting neural resting state. Just as Salvador Dali and Thomas Edison used to do, it often helps to take a short break to relax a bit; this puts your brain into a neural resting state.
- New York Times science writer Benedict Carey, author of How We Learn, explains that forgetting is learning’s best friend. It acts as a sophisticated spam filter. Once you retrieve what you forgot, it becomes more firmly ingrained into your memory.
- Both authors assert that repetition helps us to learn. Oakley explains, “You need to practice and repeat in order for it to become one protected, neural chunk.” Using flashcards is still a great technique.
- Get away from the problem for a while. It is not helpful to study a subject “hour after hour.” Doing something else allows the brain to work on the problem “offline.” We can eliminate a tendency to see or approach a problem in one way only; we can gain a new perspective to learning or to solving a problem. Often, when you come back to the problem, the new brain connections will give you a fresh mind to tackle a problem or new learning. This is also why you need at least six hours of sleep before a test since sleep shrinks the brain and permits fluid to flush the metabolic toxins in the brain as you sleep, and you wake up with an “upgraded” mind.
- Study in a different place. Learning is enhanced when you move around.
- Incorporate regular physical activity. Exercise allows the new neurons to be better implanted into your brain. As a matter of fact, it helps to move around (e.g., pace, walk, etc.) when studying or trying to solve problems.
See how good you are at learning by taking Benedict Carey’s five-item quiz: http://sciencefriday.com/blogs/09/03/2014/quiz-how-good-are-you-at-learning.html?series=33
By Deborah Williams
Let’s face it: Shuttling children from activity to activity and monitoring homework sessions are exhausting parts of parenting. It’s no wonder that some parents wonder if they shouldn’t cut out some of it. New research suggests that perhaps all of this activity is helpful to their child’s future—as long as the child has good math skills!
Harvard Business Review assistant editor Nicole Torres reports the findings of University of California, Santa Barbara researchers compared two groups of white male high school seniors—1972 and 1992—to see the impact of their social and math skills over time. “The analysis found that while math scores, sports, leadership roles, and college education were all associated with higher earnings over the 1979-1999 period, the trend over time in the earnings premium was strongest among those who were both good at math and engaged in high school sports or leadership activities. In other words, it pays to be a sociable math whiz, more so today than thirty years ago.”
It seems that the social skills that children develop through participation in extracurricular activities help to make them more likable. These extracurricular activities include “teamwork, communication, and general interaction with others.” Developing these skills when they are children make it more likely that they will be employed “in an occupation requiring higher levels of responsibility for direction, control and planning.”
Technology may be the reason for the demand for math skills in the workplace; however, employers need workers who can work with others well. So, parents, make sure that your children have good math skills, and know that your children’s extracurricular activities will most likely benefit them in the workplace.
By Deborah Williams
The new school year has begun all across the country, and responsible parents know that good communication between home and school helps to ensure a good year for their children. Many times, however, parents are at a loss for how to find out exactly how they can help their children. An article on the Edutopia website offers some suggestions for doing just that.
Parents usually try to glean information from their children by doing things like the following:
- “Ask them what they did today.”
- “Help them with homework.”
- “Help them with separation anxiety.”
- “Talk to them about their struggles.”
- “Get them a tutor.”
These activities, while well-intended, often lead to frustration for parents—especially when their children’s performance is not up to par. They are more likely to learn more during a parent-teacher conference. The website offers 19 questions that might help them zero in on what is really happening with their children at school. While it is not advisable to ask all of these questions at once, certainly, there are several from which to choose. Here is Edutopia’s 19 Questions Your Child’s Teacher Would (Probably) Love to Answer:
- What academic standards do you use, and what do I need to know about them?
- How will you respond if or when my child struggles in class?
- What are the most important and complex (content-related) ideas my child needs to understand by the end of the year?
- Do you focus on strengths or weaknesses?
- How are creativity and innovative thinking used on a daily basis in your classroom?
- How is critical thinking used on a daily basis in your classroom?
- How are assessments designed to promote learning rather than simple measurement?
- What can I do to support literacy in my home?
- What kinds of questions do you suggest that I ask my children on a daily basis about your class?
10. How exactly is learning personalized in your classroom? In the school?
11. How do you measure academic progress?
12. What are the most common instructional or literacy strategies you will use this year?
13. What learning models do you use (e.g., project-based learning, mobile learning, game-based learning, etc.), and what do you see as the primary benefits of that approach?
14. What are the best school or district resources for students and/or families that no one uses?
15. Is there technology you’d recommend that can help support my child in self-directed learning?
16. What are the most common barriers you see to academic progress in your classroom?
17. How is education changing?
18. How do you see the role of the teacher in the learning process?
19. What am I not asking but should be?
By Deborah Williams
Those adorable drawings that your preschooler produces may provide a hint of that child’s future cognitive ability. A post by Maanvi Singh on the NPR Your Health blog reports that researchers have found “an association, though a modest one, between how a child draws at 5 and her thinking skills at 14.”
The King’s College London researchers asked 7,700 four-year-old identical twins to draw pictures of a child. The researchers gave each drawing a score between 0 and 12, depending on how many body parts were included. Additionally, those children were given intelligence tests at 4 and 14 years old.
While it’s not always accurate, “kids with higher drawing scores tended to do better on the intelligence tests, though the two were only moderately linked.” Rosalind Arden, lead researcher for this study, explains that artistic and cognitive ability appears to be genetic, but there are many things that impact what a child can do.